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Joint Venture: Enhancing the Therapeutic Alliance through Equine-Assisted Therapy

The therapeutic alliance, the relationship between therapist and client, is a critical factor influencing therapeutic outcomes. Research consistently highlights its importance (Ardito & Rabellino, 2011; Lambert & Barley, 2001). Strengthening this alliance can significantly enhance therapy effectiveness. One unique way to evaluate and bolster this relationship is through equine-assisted therapy. This innovative approach leverages the interactions between therapist, client, and horse to create a robust therapeutic bond.

Building Trust through Equine Interactions

Clients often assess their therapists and the therapy environment, consciously or unconsciously, for safety and the need for self-protection. Observing how a therapist interacts with a horse can provide powerful insights into the therapist's approach and attitude. When clients see a therapist treating a horse with respect, empathy, and patience, they may infer that they will be treated similarly in their therapeutic relationship. This can establish a foundational trust, encouraging clients to engage more openly in the therapeutic process.

In equine-assisted therapy, the therapist and client engage in activities involving the horse. These activities go beyond traditional talk therapy, offering a more dynamic and interactive form of therapy. This active participation fosters a sense of partnership and collaboration, often leading to a stronger therapeutic alliance. Clients perceive a greater investment from their therapists in their therapeutic journey, reinforcing the notion of a "joint venture."

The Unique Role of Horses in Therapy

Horses, as social prey animals, bring unique qualities to the therapeutic setting. Their behavior and brain structure, influenced by their need for self- and energy-preservation, provide a distinctive context for therapy. Unlike humans, who possess an enlarged prefrontal cortex enabling advanced reasoning and self-insight, horses operate primarily through associative learning and sociosensual awareness.

Sociosensual awareness, a concept introduced by anthropologist E. Richard Sorenson (1978), refers to the ability to orient and respond to the states of others. Horses, much like humans, have this awareness, which is critical for their survival as social animals. They are acutely attuned to the emotions and body language of those around them, making them sensitive and responsive partners in therapy.

Enhancing Trauma Treatment

Equine-assisted therapy is particularly beneficial in trauma treatment. Trauma often disrupts an individual's ability to trust and connect with others. The non-judgmental and intuitive nature of horses can help trauma survivors rebuild these capacities. Horses respond to the genuine emotions and intentions of individuals, providing immediate and honest feedback. This interaction can help clients develop greater self-awareness and emotional regulation.

The presence of a horse in therapy also creates a safe and calming environment. The rhythmic movement of riding, for instance, can have a soothing effect on the nervous system, promoting relaxation and reducing anxiety. Additionally, the act of caring for a horse, such as grooming or feeding, can provide a sense of purpose and accomplishment, further enhancing the therapeutic experience.

Joint Venture in Practice

The concept of a "joint venture" in therapy underscores the collaborative effort between therapist and client. In equine-assisted therapy, this collaboration extends to include the horse, creating a triadic relationship that enhances the therapeutic process. The shared activities and responsibilities in caring for and interacting with the horse foster a sense of teamwork and mutual support.

This triadic relationship can lead to several therapeutic benefits:

- **Improved Communication:** Engaging with the horse requires clear and consistent communication, helping clients practice and improve their interpersonal skills.

- **Enhanced Trust:** Successfully working together with the therapist and horse builds trust, which can generalize to other relationships in the client's life.

- **Increased Self-Efficacy:** Accomplishing tasks with the horse can boost clients' confidence in their abilities, promoting a sense of empowerment.


Equine-assisted therapy offers a unique and powerful way to strengthen the therapeutic alliance. By incorporating horses into the therapeutic process, therapists can create a more engaging, dynamic, and supportive environment for their clients. The interactions with horses provide valuable insights and opportunities for growth, making the therapeutic journey a true "joint venture." As clients and therapists work together, guided by the intuitive and responsive nature of horses, they can achieve meaningful and lasting therapeutic outcomes.

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